Gallbladder Surgery | Complications and Removal After Surgery

surgery

Surgery And Removal:

 

A diseased gallbladder or gallstones may be removed through a laparoscopic surgery. In this procedure air is first sent into the abdomen to expand it and then a laparoscope is inserted into the region near the navel. The laparascope has a small video camera attached to it which helps the surgeon to see the the gallbladder on a huge TV screen. However before the gallbladder is removed an X-ray procedure called intraoperative cholangiography may be doneto view the structure of the bile duct system and to check for the presence of gallstones in the common bile duct. After the X- ray is done, the surgeon would then make incisions and use his surgical tools to remove the gallbladder.

Laparoscopic gallbladder surgery is usually the preferred procedure for removal of gallbladder but in some cases an open surgery may be done instead. Infact about 20% of all laparoscopic surgeries in the US are switched to an open surgery. This may be due to reasons such as sudden inflammation, tissue damage or bleeding. After surgery is completed you may experience certain side effects such as pain in the shoulder and the belly region for a couple of days due to the air that was sent in prior to surgery.  Muscle pain, diarrhea, and lack of hunger may also be experienced. These side effects and discomfort should clear within a week or two.

Compared to an open surgery, a laparoscopic cystectomy is generally preferred because after gallbladder surgery the recovery time is much quicker and the scars are also much smaller and hence less visible. Recovery from laparascopic gallbladder surgery would take about a week whereas in the case of open surgery it may about about a month. However the procedure does not remove gallstones present in the common bile duct. If gallstones are present in the comon bile duct, a procedure known a endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) may be done.

Complications from a laparascopic gallbladder surgery are very rare but they can occur. Possible complications include injury to the bile ducts and blood vessels, internal damage, bile leakage, liver damage and bleeding.

Next: Read about gallbladder diet

Gallbladder Removal Diet | Long Term

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Maintaining a healthy gallbladder diet removal long term is the most important combatant that you can use.

 

In order to maintain a healthy gallbladder and prevent gallstone formation, it is recommended that one follows a diet plan that is low in fat and cholesterol and high in fiber. Taking plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables as well as lean meat, fish and chicken can help in keeping your gallbladder healthy. Certain studies show that caffeinated coffee and peanuts may also help in preventing gallstone formation.

Recommended Foods For Gallbladder Diet:

Foods such as skim milk, low fat cheese, whole grain bread, cereal with skim milk, pasta, steamed veges, lean meat, fruit juice, peanuts, pistachios, walnuts, ginger and turmeric in your diet can help in promoting gallbladder health and also lessen symptoms experienced with gallbladder problems. Also be sure to drink plenty of water. If you enjoy eating desserts and snacks, be sure to avoid foods that are heavily processed. Desserts like fat free yogurt, wheat crackers, bran crackers, skim milk desserts, angel food cake and jelly beans are generally recommended.

Vegetables and fruits such as carrots, beetroot, grapes, lettuce, banana, tomatoes, cucumber, lemon and lettuce, guava, papaya, garlic, celery and apples in your diet are good for gallbladder health.  People who are overweight or obese are generally at a risk of developing gallstones. However it is recommended that obese individuals do not lose weight too quickly as rapid weight loss may also lead to gallstone formation. Weight loss should be done gradually and consistently with a nutritious diet combined with regular exercise.

Foods To Avoid:

Heavily processed and fatty foods such as ice creams, doughnuts, sodas, chocolate, whole dairy products, fried food, foods heavy in butter and cream cheese, and white flour should be avoided to improve your gallbladder health and maintain a wholesome diet.

Gallbladder Diet Meal Plan:

Here is a sample meal plan that you could follow,

Breakfast: Fresh apple juice, whole grain cereal in skim milk, whole wheat bread with a spread of margarine, and tea or caffeinated coffee.

Lunch: For lunch you could have some graham crackers which are rich in bran and wheat, low fat yogurt, tomato soup, a vegetable salad and a bowl of Quaker oats.

Snack: In the evening you could have a light snack of pistachios, peanuts, graham crackers, angel food cake and a glass of skim milk.

Dinner: Your dinner could include  a bran dinner roll, pasta with chicken or lean meat and a glass of fresh fruit juice.

For women undergoing pregnancy and for individuals who have had their gallbladder removed a similar low fat high fiber diet is recommended but it is still best to consult your doctor.